Health - Gene editing, Personalized medicine, Tissue engineering and biologics replacing chemically-synthesized drugs. Example: Engineered Bacteria for treatment of Colon cancer. (REFERENCE: sciencemag)
Environment and Agriculture - Biosensors for detecting toxic contaminants, Bioremediation - Engineered plants and bacteria to degrade pesticides. Example: Wheat gene inserted into chestnut embryos, enabling them to make an enzyme that detoxifies the fungus. (REFERENCE: APnews)
Energy - Creates Biofuels which are less toxic and more efficient, Creates Enzymes with improved quality that works faster. Example: Synthetic biology with microfluidics to create artificial photosynthetic droplets for the production of organic chemicals and clean fuels. (REFERENCE: NCBI)
Drug development & Medicine - Synthetic biology has been used in the development of alternate production routes. Example: Artificial construction of metabolic pathway in E.coli and yeast for production of Artemisinin, an anti-malarial drug. (REFERENCE: Scitable)
Production of Engineered Bispecific antibodies.
CAR T-cell therapy.